ADJECTIVE OR ADVERB

 

THE DIFFERENCE

An adjective tells us more about a noun. Example: an expensive car, a clever girl

An adverb tells us more about a verb. Example: He talked nervously.

Wie ist eine Person (Sache)? »»» adjective.

Wie tut eine Person etwas? »»» adverb.

 

THE ADVERB

 

HOW TO FORM

Adjective + ly

sad

sadly

quiet

quietly

nervous

nervously

soft

softly

 

Adjectives ending in -y »»» ily

happy happily angry angrily

 

Adjectives ending in le »»» ly

terrible terribly capable capably

 

Adjectives ending in ly

friendly in a friendly way / manner daily daily
lively in a lively way / manner early early
lonely in a lonely way / manner monthly monthly
lovely in a lovely way / manner weekly weekly
silly in a silly way / manner yearly yearly

Irregular forms

good

well

low

low

fast

fast

straight

straight

hard

hard

extra

extra

long

long

doubtless

doubtless

 

Double forms

hard

hard

hardly = kaum

near

near

nearly = beinahe

late

late

lately = in letzter Zeit

 

HOW TO USE THE ADVERB

Verb + adverb

The adverb describes a verb ( eine Tätigkeit wird näher beschrieben).

Example: He

drove

carefully.

   
   

verb

adverb

   
  She

sold

her

house

quickly

   

verb

 

 

adverb

 

Adjective + adverb

The adverb describes an adjective (ein Adjektiv wird näher beschrieben).

Example:

Her

necklace

was

horribly

expensive.

 

 

 

 

adverb

adjective

   

She

was

terribly

sorry.

   

 

 

adverb

adjective

 

Adverb + adverb

The adverb describes an adverb (ein Adverb wird näher beschrieben).

Example:

They

played

terribly

badly.

 

 

 

 

adverb

adverb

 
  He did his homework

absolutely

correctly.

 
   

 

adverb

adverb

 

 

No adverb with the following verbs

forms of to be:

am, is, are, was, were, will be, have been, had been

seem

get

turn

grow

sound

 

look (aussehen)

feel

taste

become

smell

 

 

 

EXERCISE 1

EXERCISE 2

EXERCISE 3

EXERCISE 4

EXERCISE 5

EXERCISE 6

EXERCISE 7

EXERCISE 8

EXERCISE 9

EXERCISE 10

EXERCISE 11

EXERCISE 12

 


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