ADJECTIVE OR ADVERB

THE DIFFERENCE

An adjective tells us more about a noun. Example: an expensive car, a clever girl

An adverb tells us more about a verb. Example: He talked nervously.

Wie ist eine Person (Sache)? »»» adjective.

Wie tut eine Person etwas? »»» adverb.

THE ADVERB

 

HOW TO FORM

Adjective + ly

sad sadly quiet quietly
nervous nervously soft softly

Adjectives ending in -y »»» ily

happy happily angry angrily

Adjectives ending in -le »»» ly

terrible terribly capable capably

Adjectives ending in -ly

friendly in a friendly way / manner daily daily
lively in a lively way / manner early early
lonely in a lonely way / manner monthly monthly
lovely in a lovely way / manner weekly weekly
silly in a silly way / manner yearly yearly

 

Irregular forms

 

good well low low
fast fast straight straight
hard hard extra extra
long long doubtless doubtless

 

Double forms

 

hard hard hardly = kaum
near near nearly = beinahe
late late lately = in letzter Zeit

 

HOW TO USE THE ADVERB

 

Verb + adverb

The adverb describes a verb (eine Tätigkeit wird näher beschrieben).

Example: He drove carefully.    
    verb adverb    
  She sold her house quickly
    verb     adverb

 

Adjective + adverb

The adverb describes an adjective (ein Adjektiv wird näher beschrieben).

Example: Her necklace was horribly expensive.
        adverb adjective
    She was terribly sorry.
        adverb adjective

 

Adverb + adverb

The adverb describes an adverb (ein Adverb wird näher beschrieben).

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Example: They played terribly badly.
     adverb adverb
  He did his homework absolutely correctly.
      adverb adverb

 

No adverb with the following verbs

Forms of to be: am, is, are, was, were, have been, had been, will be
seem, get, turn, grow, sound, feel, taste, become, smell, look (aussehen)

 

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