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IRREGULAR VERBS LIST - ITALIAN

Infinitive (1st form)

Past simple (2nd f.)

Past participle (3rd f.)

Italian

abide abided / abode abided / abode stare
alight alighted / alit alighted / alit scendere, posarsi, illuminare
arise arose arisen sgorgare
awake awoke / awaked awoken / awaked svegliare
(to) be was, were been essere
am, is was been essere
are were been essere
bear bore born / borne sostenere, sopportare
beat beat beaten battere, vincere
become became become diventare
beget begot/begat begotten originare, generare
begin began begun cominciare
bend bent bent piegare, curvare
bereave bereaved / bereft bereaved / bereft privare
beseech besought / beseeched besought / beseeched implorare
bet bet bet scommettere
bid bid / bade bid / bidden offrire
bind bound bound fissare, trattenere
bite bit bitten mordere
bleed bled bled svuotare, sanguinare
blow blew blown soffiare
break broke broken rompere
breed bred bred produrre
bring brought brought portare
broadcast broadcast / broadcasted broadcast / broadcasted trasmettere, mandare in onda (in radio/tv)
build built built construire
burn burned / burnt burned / burnt bruciare
burst burst burst crollare, scoppiare
buy bought bought comprare
can could   potere
cast cast cast gettare, distendere
catch caught caught afferrare, prendere
chide chided / chid chided / chidden riprendere, rimproverare
choose chose chosen scegliere
cleave cleft / cleaved, clove cleft / cleaved, cloven fendere
cling clung clung abbracciare
clothe clothed / clad clothed / clad vestire, abbigliare
come came come venire
cost cost cost costare
creep crept crept strisciare, avanzare furtivamente
crow crowed crowed / crew cantare (gallo)
cut cut cut tagliare
deal dealt dealt dare, distribuire
dig dug dug scavare
dive dived / dove (US) dived tuffare
do did done fare
draw drew drawn disegnare
dream dreamt / dreamed dreamt / dreamed sognare
drink drank drunk bere
drive drove driven guidare, condurre
dwell dwelt / dwelled dwelt / dwelled dimorare
eat ate eaten mangiare
fall fell fallen cadere
feed fed fed nutrire
feel felt felt sentire
fight fought fought combattere
find found found trovare
fit fit / fitted fit / fitted calzare
flee fled fled fuggire
fling flung flung lanciare, gettare, scagliare
fly flew flown volare
forbid forbade forbidden proibire
forecast forecast forcast previsioni
forget forgot forgotten dimenticare
forgive forgave forgiven perdonare
forsake forsook forsaken rinunciare
freeze froze frozen congelare
geld gelded / gelt gelded / gelt castrare
get got got risevere, prendere
gild gilded / gilt gilded / gilt dorare, abbellire
give gave given dare
gnaw gnawed gnawed / gnawn rosicchiare, rodere
go went gone andare
grind ground ground triturare
grip gripped / gript gripped / gript afferrare
grow grew grown crescere
hang hung hung appendere
have had had avere
hear heard heard sentire
heave heaved / hove heaved / hove lanciare, scagliare
hew hewed hewed / hewn tagliare, squadrare
hide hid hidden nascondere
hit hit hit colpire
hold held held tenere
hurt hurt hurt ferire, fare male
keep kept kept conservare, mantenere, tenere
kneel kneeled / knelt kneeled / knelt inginocchiare
knit knitted / knit knitted / knit fare a maglia
know knew known sapere, conoscere
lade laded laded / laden caricare
lay laid laid distendere
lead led led condurre
lean leaned / leant leaned / leant pendere
leap leaped / leapt leaped / leapt saltare
learn learnt / learned learnt / learned imparare
leave left left lasciare
lend lent lent prestare
let let let lasciare
lie lay lain mentire, stare
light lit / lighted lit / lighted illuminare
lose lost lost perdere
make made made costruire, fare
may might   potere (potrebbe)
mean meant meant intendere
meet met met conoscere, incontrare
melt melted melted / molten fondere
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood fraintendere
mow mowed mowed / mown falciare, tagliare
offset offset offset compensare, controbilanciare
outbid outbid outbid offrire di più di
overtake overtook overtaken sorpassare
pay paid paid pagare
pen penned / pent penned / pent comporre, scrivere
plead pleaded / pled pleaded / pled implorare, pregare
prove proved proved / proven dimostrare, verificare
put put put mettere
quit quit quit lasciare
read read read leggere
rid rid / ridded rid / ridded liberarsi da
ride rode ridden cavalcare, andare in bicicletta
ring rang rung suonare, squillare
rise rose risen salire, aumentare
run ran run correre
say said said dire
saw sawed sawed / sawn segare
see saw seen vedere
seek sought sought cercare
sell sold sold vendere
send sent sent mandare, spedire
set set set mettere, collocare
sew sewed sewed / sewn cucire
shake shook shaken agitare, scuotere
shall should dovere
shave shaved shaved / shaven radere, rasare
shear sheared sheared / shorn tranciare, tosare
shed shed shed spargere, versare
shine shone / shined shone / shined splendere, brillare, fare luce
shit shit / shitted / shat shit / shitted / shat cagare
shoe shod / shoed shod / shoed ferrare
shoot shot shot sparare
show showed shown mostrare, presentare
shred shred / shredded shred / shredded tagliuzzare, sminuzzare
shrink shrank / shrunk shrunk ridurre, restringere
shut shut shut chiudere
sing sang sung cantare
sink sank sunk affondare
sit sat sat sedere
slay slew slain uccidere, ammazzare
sleep slept slept dormire
slide slid slid scorrere,scivolare
sling slung slung fionda, lanciare
slink slinked / slunk slinked / slunk svignarsela
slit slit slit tagliare
smell smelt / smelled smelt / smelled odorare
smite smote smitten percuotere, colpire, punire
sow sowed sowed / sown divertire, seminare
speak spoke spoken dire, parlare
speed sped / speeded sped / speeded correre, procedere velocemente
spell spelled / spelt spelled / spelt compitare, scrivere
spend spent spent spendere, passare
spill spilled / split spilled / split far fuoriscire, versare
spin spun spun girare, ruotare
spit spitted / spat spitted / spat sputare
split split split spaccare, rompere
spoil spoilt spoilt rovinare, guastarsi
spread spread spread aprire, spiegare
spring sprang / sprung sprung saltare, balzare
stand stood stood stare in piedi
stave (in/off) stove / staved stove / staved sfondare, evitare
steal stole stolen rubare
stick stuck stuck attaccare, appiccicare
sting stung stung pungere
stink stank / stunk stunk puzzare
strew strewed strewed / strewn spargere
stride strode stridden camminare a grandi passi
strike struck struck / stricken colpire, sfregare
string strung strung incordare
strive strove / strived striven / strived lottare, battersi
swear swore sworn bestemmiare, giurare
sweep swept swept scopare, travolgere
swell swelled swelled / swollen crescere, gonfiarsi
swim swam swum nuotare
swing swung swung pendolare
take took taken prendere, portare
teach taught taught insegnare
tear tore torn strappare, staccare
telecast telecast / telecasted telecast / telecasted trasmetttere (in tv)
tell told told dire, raccontare
think thought thought pensare
thrive throve / thrived thriven / thrived prosperare, crescere florido
throw threw thrown gettare, lanciare
thrust thrust thrust springere con forza
tread trod trod / trodden camminare, calpestare
understand understood understood capire, comprendere
upset upset upset (dis)turbare, contrariare
wake up woke up woken up svegliare, alzarsi
wear wore worn vestire, indossare
weave weaved / wove weaved / woven tessere, intrecciare
wed wed / wedded wed / wedded sposare
weep wept wept piangere, versare
wet wet / wetted wet / wetted bagnare
win won won vincere, strizzare
wind wound wound awolgere
wring wrung wrung strizzare, torcere
write wrote written scrivere