THE PASSIVE VOICE

 

How the passive is formed:

SUBJECT

FORM OF TO BE + 3rd FORM

ADVERB, ...

The room

is cleaned

every day.

They

are sold

as pets.

A lot of guests

are invited

to a party.

 

Put an active sentence into a passive one:

Subject

Verb

Object

Active:

Bats

eat

insects.

Passive:

Insects

are eaten

by

bats.

Subject

Verb

by

Agent

 

Subject

Verb

Object

Active:

Tom

saw

the burglars

Passive:

The burglars

were seen

by

Tom

Subject

Verb

by

Agent

 

Subject of the active sentence → Agent of the passive sentence

Object of the active sentence → Subject of the passive sentence

 

Tenses:

Tense

Active

Passive (form of to be + 3rd form)

Present tense

invite / see

am / is / are invited / seen

Past tense

invited / saw

was / were invited / seen

Future tense

will invite / see

will be invited / seen

Present perfect tense

have / has invited / seen

have / has been invited / seen

Past perfect tense

had invited / seen

had been invited / seen

 

EXERCISE 1

EXERCISE 2

EXERCISE 3

EXERCISE 4

EXERCISE 5

EXERCISE 6

 


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