THE PASSIVE VOICE

  How the passive is formed    
SUBJECT FORM OF TO BE + 3rd FORM   ADVERB, ...
The room is cleaned   every day.
They are sold   as pets.
A lot of guests are invited   to a party.

 

Put an active sentence into a passive one:
  Subject Verb Object  
Active: Bats eat insects.  
         
Passive: Insects are eaten by bats.
  Subject Verb by Agent
         
  Subject Verb Object  
Active: Tom saw the burglars  
         
Passive: The burglars were seen by Tom
  Subject Verb by Agent

 

Subject of the active sentence → Agent of the passive sentence

Object of the active sentence → Subject of the passive sentence

 

Tenses

Tense Active Passive (form of to be + 3rd form)
Present tense invite // see am / is / are invited // seen
Past tense invited // saw was / were invited // seen
Future tense will invite // see will be invited // seen
Present perfect tense have / has invited // seen have / has been invited // seen
Past perfect tense had invited // seen had been invited // seen

 


Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4 Exercise 5 Exercise 6

 

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