THE PASSIVE VOICE

 

  How the passive is formed    
SUBJECT FORM OF TO BE + 3rd FORM   ADVERB, ...
The room is cleaned   every day.
They are sold   as pets.
A lot of guests are invited   to a party.

 

  Put an active sentence into a passive one  
  Subject Verb Object  
Active: Bats eat insects.  
         
Passive: Insects are eaten by bats.
  Subject Verb by Agent
         
  Subject Verb Object  
Active: Tom saw the burglars  
         
Passive: The burglars were seen by Tom
  Subject Verb by Agent

 

Subject of the active sentence → Agent of the passive sentence

Object of the active sentence → Subject of the passive sentence

 

Tenses

Tense Active Passive (form of to be + 3rd form)
Present tense invite / see am / is / are invited / seen
Past tense invited / saw was / were invited / seen
Future tense will invite / see will be invited / seen
Present perfect tense have / has invited / seen have / has been invited / seen
Past perfect tense had invited / seen had been invited / seen

 

BACK TO GRAMMAR EXPLANATIONS


Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4 Exercise 5 Exercise 6