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THE PASSIVE VOICE

Sentences can be active or passive. We usually use the active in written and spoken language. The difference is that in an active sentence the subject performs the action and in a passive sentence the subject receives the action. Study the following information to learn how to form a passive sentence, how to put an active into a passive sentence and how to form the tenses in the passive voice.

  How the passive is formed    
SUBJECT FORM OF TO BE + 3rd FORM   ADVERB, ...
The room is cleaned   every day.
They are sold   as pets.
A lot of guests are invited   to a party.

 

Put an active sentence into a passive one:
  Subject Verb Object  
Active: Bats eat insects.  
 
Passive: Insects are eaten by bats.
  Subject Verb by Agent
 
  Subject Verb Object  
Active: Tom saw the burglars  
 
Passive: The burglars were seen by Tom
  Subject Verb by Agent
 
Subject of the active sentence → Agent of the passive sentence
Object of the active sentence → Subject of the passive sentence

 

Tenses

Tense Active Passive (form of to be + 3rd form)
Present tense invite // see am / is / are invited // seen
Past tense invited // saw was / were invited // seen
Future tense will invite // see will be invited // seen
Present perfect tense have / has invited // seen have / has been invited // seen
Past perfect tense had invited // seen had been invited // seen

 


Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4 Exercise 5 Exercise 6