(Plusquamperfekt / Vorvergangenheit)

When you tell a story it's sometimes necessary to tell about actions that had happened before the past tense. To express the time when these actions happened you have to use the past perfect.
(In Erzählungen ist es manchmal notwendig Handlungen zu schildern, die vor der Erzählzeit (past tense) passiert sind. Für diese Handlungen verwender man das past perfect.)
  How to form: had (not) + 3rd form
  Key words: after, before
She needed help because someone had stolen her car.
He passed the test because he had studied a lot.
After she had done her homework, she visited me.
When I came home, they had already eaten.
They had sold everything before they moved to Glasgow.


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