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THE PLURAL

Singular + s
parrot – parrots apple – apples girl – girls
     
Words ending with y if a consonant is written before. ----> ies

(Wörter, die auf y enden, wenn vor dem y ein Mitlaut steht)

lolly – lollies story – stories strawberry – strawberries
but: boy – boys toy - toys bay - bays
     
Words ending with ch, x, s, sh, o ----> es
class – classes brush – brushes box – boxes
     
Some words ending with f, fe, lf ----> ves
knife – knives wolf – wolves life – lives
but: chiefs, safes, cliffs, handkerchiefs
     
Irregular forms (unregelmäßige Formen)
man - men woman - women tooth - teeth
goose - geese ox - oxen louse - lice
foot - feet mouse - mice child - children

 

You can use singular or plural with words like family, class, police, team, army, band, choir, class, club, crew, company, firm, gang, government, orchestra, party, staff, etc.

In British English the plural is used more often than in American English.

   
If the group acts in unison (as a group), use a singular verb:
   
My family lives in Miami. All the members living under one roof.
The team was successful. You see the team as a group.
   
If the group acts individually, use a plural verb:
   
My family live in towns all over Florida. Each individual is living a separate life in a different town.
The team were successful. You see the single members of the team.

 


Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4 Exercise 5 Exercise 6

 

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