PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

How to form: I, you, we, they have + 3rd form
  he, she, it has + 3rd form
Short forms: I've been We've studied
  He's worked She's found
Negation: I, you, we, they have not (haven't) + 3rd form
  he, she, it has not (hasn't) + 3rd form
Question: Have you already done your homework?
Have/Has - subject - verb
  How long have you been there?
Question word - have/has - subject -verb

 

It is used, if an action happened in the past and there is a connection to the present. There's no exact time expressed when the action happened.
(Es wird verwendet, wenn eine Handlung in der Vergangenheit passiert ist und eine Verbindung zur Gegenwart besteht. Keine exakte Zeitangabe.)
Key words: already (schon, bereits), just (gerade soeben), yet (noch, schon), ever (jemals), never (nie), for (seit - Zeitdauer), since (seit - Zeitpunkt), so far (bisher, bis jetzt), up to now (bisher, bis jetzt), not yet (noch nicht), lately (in letzter Zeit), recently (vor kurzem)

EXAMPLES

PAST   PRESENT
Nick has gone on holiday. result He is not in the office.
He has already met Sue. connection with the present He likes her.
He has just eaten something bad. connection with the present He feels sick now.
He has lived in Spain for ten days. connection with the present He is still there.
He has been in Spain since Friday. connection with the present He is still there.
Have you ever been to Italy? connection with the present Do you know Italy?
No, I've never been there.

 

BACK TO GRAMMAR EXPLANATIONS


Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4 Exercise 5 Exercise 6
Exercise 7 Exercise 8        
For or since Exercise 1 Exercise 2