PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
|How to form:||I, you, we, they||have + 3rd form|
|he, she, it||has + 3rd form|
|Short forms:||I've been||We've studied|
|He's worked||She's found|
|Negation:||I, you, we, they||have not (haven't) + 3rd form|
|he, she, it||has not (hasn't) + 3rd form|
|Question:||Have you already done your homework?
Have/Has - subject - verb
|How long have you been there?
Question word - have/has - subject -verb
|It is used, if an action happened in the past and there is a connection to the present. There's no exact time expressed when the action happened.|
|(Es wird verwendet, wenn eine Handlung in der Vergangenheit passiert ist und eine Verbindung zur Gegenwart besteht. Keine exakte Zeitangabe.)|
|Key words: already (schon, bereits), just (gerade soeben), yet (noch, schon), ever (jemals), never (nie), for (seit - Zeitdauer), since (seit - Zeitpunkt), so far (bisher, bis jetzt), up to now (bisher, bis jetzt), not yet (noch nicht), lately (in letzter Zeit), recently (vor kurzem)|
|Nick has gone on holiday.||result||He is not in the office.|
|He has already met Sue.||connection with the present||He likes her.|
|He has just eaten something bad.||connection with the present||He feels sick now.|
|He has lived in Spain for ten days.||connection with the present||He is still there.|
|He has been in Spain since Friday.||connection with the present||He is still there.|
|Have you ever been to Italy?||connection with the present||Do you know Italy?
No, I've never been there.
BACK TO GRAMMAR EXPLANATIONS
|Exercise 1||Exercise 2||Exercise 3||Exercise 4||Exercise 5||Exercise 6|
|Exercise 7||Exercise 8|
|For or since||Exercise 1||Exercise 2|