PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

 

How to form:

I, you, we, they

have (not) + 3rd form

he, she, it

has (not) + 3rd form

 

It is used, if an action happened in the past and there is a connection to the present. There's no exact time expressed when the action happened.
(Es wird verwendet, wenn eine Handlung in der Vergangenheit passiert ist und eine Verbindung zur Gegenwart besteht. Keine exakte Zeitangabe.)
Key words: already (schon, bereits), just (gerade soeben), yet (noch, schon), ever (jemals), never (nie), for (seit - Zeitdauer), since (seit - Zeitpunkt), so far (bisher, bis jetzt), up to now (bisher, bis jetzt), not yet (noch nicht), lately (in letzter Zeit)

PAST   PRESENT
     
Nick has gone on holiday. result He is not in the office.
     
Have you ever been to Italy? connection with the present Do you know Italy? No, I have never been there.
     
He has already met Sue. connection with the present He likes her.
     

He has just eaten something bad.

connection with the present He feels bad now.
     
He has been in Spain for ten days. connection with the present He is still there.
     
He has been in Spain since Friday. connection with the present He is still there.
     

IRREGULAR VERBS LIST

 

EXERCISE 1

 

EXERCISE 2

 

EXERCISE 3

 

EXERCISE 4

 

EXERCISE 5

 

EXERCISE 6

EXERCISE 7

 

EXERCISE 8

 

EXERCISE 9

 

EXERCISE 10

 

EXERCISE 11

 

EXERCISE 12

 


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