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PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE

The Present Perfect Simple is used, if an action happened in the past and there is a connection to the present. This action has just stopped or is still going on. There's no exact time expressed when the action happened.
Key words: already (schon, bereits), just (gerade soeben), yet (noch, schon), ever (jemals), never (nie), for (seit - Zeitdauer), since (seit - Zeitpunkt), so far (bisher, bis jetzt), up to now (bisher, bis jetzt), not yet (noch nicht), lately (in letzter Zeit), recently (vor kurzem)

 

How to form: I, you, we, they have + 3rd form
  he, she, it has + 3rd form
Short forms: I've been We've studied
  He's worked She's found
Negation: I, you, we, they have not (haven't) + 3rd form
  he, she, it has not (hasn't) + 3rd form
Question: Have you already done your homework?
Have/Has - subject - verb
  How long have you been there?
Question word - have/has - subject -verb

 

  EXAMPLES  
PAST   PRESENT
Nick has gone on holiday. result He is not in the office.
He has already met Sue. connection with the present He likes her.
He has just eaten something bad. connection with the present He feels sick now.
He has lived in Spain for ten days. connection with the present He is still there.
He has been in Spain since Friday. connection with the present He is still there.
Have you ever been to Italy? connection with the present Do you know Italy?
No, I've never been there.

 


Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4 Exercise 5 Exercise 6  
Simple or progressive: Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4 Exercise 5
Questions: Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3      
For or since Exercise 1 Exercise 2