PRESENT TENSE

That's the way to express habits, facts, thoughts and feelings. It is used with general statements and actions that happen sometimes, always, usually,...
(So drückt man Gewohnheiten, Tatsachen, Gedanken und Gefühle aus. Es wird verwendet bei allgemeinen Aussagen sowie bei Handlungen, die manchmal, gelegentlich, immer,... getan werden bzw. geschehen.)
Key words: often (oft), always (immer), never (nie), every day, month,... (jeden Tag, Monat,...), usually (für gewöhnlich), sometimes (manchmal), generally (im allgemeinen), normally (gewöhnlich), rarely (selten), seldom (selten), whenever (wann auch immer), on Mondays, Tuesdays,... (an Montagen, Dienstagen,...)

 

NEGATION (VERNEINUNG)
     
I, YOU + PLURAL DON'T (do not) + VERB TO BE, CAN, MUST --> VERB + NOT
     
They go to school. They don't go to school. They are not (aren't) at home.
I like oranges. I don't like oranges. The boys are not (aren't) in the park.
We hate peppermint. We don't hate peppermint. I am not (I'm not) hungry.
You have a cold. You don't have a cold. We can not (cannot / can't) swim.
Monkeys (= They) eat bananas. Monkeys don't eat snakes. I must not (mustn't) go out.
Bob and I (= We) go shopping. Bob and I don't go shopping.  
Jim and Carol (=They) sing a song. Jim and Carol don't sing a song.  
     
HE, SHE, IT + S DOESN'T (does not) + VERB VERB + NOT
 

 
He wants an ice-cream. He doesn't want an ice cream. She is not (isn't) at school.
She likes hot dogs. She doesn't like hot dogs. It is not (isn't) hungry.
It drinks milk. It doesn't drink milk. He can not (cannot / can't) sing.
The dog (= It) hates cats. The dog doesn't hate cats. Susan is not (isn't) angry.
Ann (= She) hates chewing gums. Ann doesn't hate chewing gums.  
Bob (= He) speaks English. Bob doesn't speak German.  
     
NOTE    
- es after - s / - ch / - sh    
Examples: passes - watches - finishes
- ies after - y    
Examples: study - studies / carry - carries
do - does / go - goes / have - has

ASKING QUESTIONS

 

BACK TO GRAMMAR EXPLANATIONS


Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3      
Negation: Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4