PRESENT TENSE

(Die Gegenwart)

That's the way to express habits, facts, thoughts and feelings. It is used with general statements and actions that happen sometimes, always, usually,...
(So drückt man Gewohnheiten, Tatsachen, Gedanken und Gefühle aus. Es wird verwendet bei allgemeinen Aussagen sowie bei Handlungen, die manchmal, gelegentlich, immer,... getan werden bzw. geschehen.)
Key words: often (oft), always (immer), never (nie), every day, month,... (jeden Tag, Monat,...), usually (für gewöhnlich), sometimes (manchmal), generally (im allgemeinen), normally (gewöhnlich), rarely (selten), seldom (selten), whenever (wann auch immer), on Mondays, Tuesdays,...(an Montagen, Dienstagen,...)

 

  NEGATION (VERNEINUNG)
    TO BE, CAN, MUST
I, YOU + PLURAL DONíT + VERB VERB + NOT
     

They go to school.

They donít go to school. They are not (aren't) at home.

I like oranges.

I donít like oranges. We are not (isn't) at school.

We hate peppermint.

We donít hate peppermint. I am not (I'm not) hungry.

You have a cold.

You donít have a cold. We can not (cannot) swim.

Monkeys (= They) eat bananas.

Monkeys donít eat snakes. I must not go out.

Bob and I (= We) go shopping.

Bob and I donít go shopping.  

Jim and Carol (=They) sing a song.

Jim and Carol donít sing a song.  
     
HE, SHE, IT + S

DOESNíT + VERB

VERB + NOT
 

 

He wants an ice-cream.

He doesnít want an ice cream.

She is not (isn't) at school.

She likes hot dogs.

She doesnít like hot dogs.

It is not (isn't) hungry.

It drinks milk.

It doesnít drink milk.

He can not (can't) sing.

The dog (= It) hates cats.

The dog doesnít hate cats.

 

Ann (= She) hates chewing gums.

Ann doesnít hate chewing gum.

 

Bob (= He) speaks English.

Bob doesnít speak German.

 
     
NOTE    
- es after - s / - ch / - sh    
Examples: passes - watches - finishes
     
- ies after - y    
Examples: study - studies / carry - carries
     
also: do - does / go - goes / have - has

 

 

ASKING QUESTIONS

 

EXERCISE 1

 

EXERCISE 2

 

EXERCISE 3

 

EXERCISE 4

 

EXERCISE 5

 

EXERCISE 6

EXERCISE 7

 

EXERCISE 8

 

EXERCISE 9

 

EXERCISE 10

 

EXERCISE 11

 

EXERCISE 12

 


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