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PRESENT SIMPLE

We use the present simple to express habits, facts, thoughts and feelings. It is also used with general statements and actions that are repeated. It is formed with the base form of the verb, except the third person singular where you have to add an "s".
Key words: often, always, never, every day, month,..., usually, sometimes, generally, normally, rarely, seldom, whenever, on Mondays, Tuesdays,...

 

NEGATION

     
I, YOU + PLURAL DON'T (do not) + VERB TO BE, CAN, MUST --> VERB + NOT
     
They go to school. They don't go to school. They are not (aren't) at home.
I like oranges. I don't like oranges. The boys are not (aren't) in the park.
We hate peppermint. We don't hate peppermint. I am not (I'm not) hungry.
You have a cold. You don't have a cold. We can not (cannot / can't) swim.
Monkeys (= They) eat bananas. Monkeys don't eat snakes. I must not (mustn't) go out.
Bob and I (= We) go shopping. Bob and I don't go shopping.  
Jim and Carol (=They) sing a song. Jim and Carol don't sing a song.  
     
HE, SHE, IT + S DOESN'T (does not) + VERB VERB + NOT
     
He wants an ice cream. He doesn't want an ice cream. She is not (isn't) at school.
She likes hot dogs. She doesn't like hot dogs. It is not (isn't) hungry.
It drinks milk. It doesn't drink milk. He can not (cannot / can't) sing.
The dog (= It) hates cats. The dog doesn't hate cats. Susan is not (isn't) angry.
Ann (= She) hates chewing gums. Ann doesn't hate chewing gums.  
Bob (= He) speaks English. Bob doesn't speak German.  
     
NOTE    
- es after - s / - ch / - sh    
Examples: passes - watches - finishes
- ies if there is a consonant before the y
Examples: study - studies / carry - carries / but play - plays
do - does / go - goes / have - has

 

ASKING QUESTIONS


Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4 Exercise 5 Exercise 6
Negation: Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4 Exercise 5
  Exercise 6