REPORTED (= INDIRECT) SPEECH

(Indirekte Rede)

 

1. Is the reporting verb in the past form (said, told,...) you have to change the tense.
(Steht das reporting verb in der Mitvergangenheit (said, told,...) ändert sich die Zeitform.)
       

Direct speech

Indirect speech

Direct Speech

Indirect speech

 

 

Present simple

Past simple

go

went

 

 

Present progressive

Past progressive

am/is/are going

was/were going

 

 

Past simple

Past perfect

went

had gone

 

 

Past progressive

Past perfect progressive

was/were going

had been going

 

 

Present perfect simple

Past perfect

has/have gone

had gone

 

 

Present perfect progressive

Past perfect progressive

has/have been going

had been going

 

 

Future

Conditional I

will go

would go

Example: Peter said: "Carol is a nice girl." Peter said (that) Carol was a nice girl.
 
You don't need to change the present tense into the past if the information in direct speech is still true or a general fact.
 
Example: Frank said (that) his sister is/was a secretary.

 

2. When you form the reported speech you have to pay attention that the pronouns refer to the correct person.
(Bei der Bildung der reported speech ist darauf zu achten, dass sich die Fürwörter auf die richtige Person beziehen.)
   
Examples: Susan said: "My parents are clever scientists."
  Susan said (that) her parents were clever scientists.
   
  Tom said: "I like PE best."
 

Tom said (that) he liked PE best.

   
  They said: "We went swimming with our friends."
  They said (that) they had gone swimming with their friend.
   
  Betty said: "Sam told me the truth."
  Betty said (that) Sam had told her the truth.
       
  Direct speech Indirect speech  
She said I - my - me she - her - her  
He said I - my - me he - his - him  
They said they - their - them we - our - us  

 

You and your:
 
They told her / him / me / them / us: "George loves you."
They told her / him / me / them / us (that) George loved her / him / me / them / us.
 
They told her / him / me / them / us: "George loves your sister."
They told her / him / me / them / us (that) George loved her / his / my / their / our sister.
 
They told her / him / me / them / us: "You are clever."
They told her / him / me / them / us (that) she / he / I / they / we was / were clever.

 

3. Expressions of time and place - we have to change them.
(Zeit- und Ortsangaben  ändern sich ebenfalls.)
     

Direct speech

Indirect speech

 

Time

now

then

today

that day

yesterday

the day before

tomorrow

the next / following day

last week, month,...

the previous week, month,... / the week, month,... before

next week, month,...

the following week, month,...

 

a (week,...) ago

a (week,...) before

 

Place

here

there

this

that

these

those

 

 

 

Examle: She said: "I have already seen Carol today."
She said (that) she had already seen Carol that day.

 

 

EXERCISE 1

 

EXERCISE 2

 

EXERCISE 3

 

EXERCISE 4

 

EXERCISE 5

 

EXERCISE 6

EXERCISE 7

 

EXERCISE 8

 

EXERCISE 9

 

EXERCISE 10

 

EXERCISE 11

 

EXERCISE 12

 


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