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ENGLISH TENSES

If you need any further explanations click on the tenses.

PRESENT SIMPLE

  PRESENT PROGRESSIVE

1st form / he, she, it + s // they go, he goes   am / is / are + verb + ing // I am going
with habits and general statements   when something is happening at the moment
(wird bei Gewohnheiten und allgemeinen Aussagen verwendet.)   (wird verwendet, wenn etwas momentan geschieht.)
Key words: always, often, usually, every, never, generally, seldom, rarely, hardly ever, sometimes, normally   Key words: look, listen, now, at the moment
     
PAST SIMPLE   PAST PROGRESSIVE
2nd form // he went, they played   was / were + ing form // he was going
is used to tell or talk about a past action   is used to tell or talk about a long action in the past
(wird verwendet, wenn über Vergangenes berichtet wird. (Erzählzeit).)   (wird bei langen Handlungen in der Vergangenheit verwendet.)
Key words: yesterday, last, ago, in 1970   Key words: while, when
     
WILL FUTURE   FUTURE TENSES
will + 1st form ( N.: won't) // he will be, she will go   Going to - FUTURE
is used to talk about the future   am / is / are + going to + verb
(wird verwendet, wenn man über die Zukunft spricht.)   Present progressive - FUTURE
Key words: tomorrow, next   Present tense - FUTURE
     
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE   PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE
have / has + 3rd form // she has gone   have / has + been + ing form // he has been going
is used when a past action started in the past and has just finished or is still happening.   is used like the simle form but only with long actions.
(wird verwendet, wenn ein Ereignis in der Vergangenheit begonnen hat und gerade geendet hat oder noch andauert; = Bezug zur Gegenwart.)   (wird wie die simple form verwendet; Unterschied: wird bei langen Handlungen verwendet, vor allem bei Verben, die eine Tätigkeit ausdrücken.)
Key words: already, just, ever, never, yet, for, since   Key words: how long, all day, for, since
     
PAST PERFECT SIMPLE   PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE
had + 3rd form // she had gone   had been + ing form // he had been going
is used when an action had happened before another action took place.   is used like the simple form but only with long actions.
(wird verwendet, wenn eine Handlung vor einem vergangenem Ereignis stattgefunden hat.)   (wird wie die past pefect simple verwendet - aber nur für lange Handlungen.)
Key words: after, before   Key words: how long, before, after

 


Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4 Exercise 5 Exercise 6
Exercise 7 Exercise 8 Exercise 9 Exercise 10