ENGLISH 4U
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Die Modalverben

Modalverben (modal verbs), auch Hilfszeitwörter genannt, sind Verben, die Notwendigkeit, Fähigkeit, Erlaubnis und Möglichkeit ausdrücken. Sie werden auch verwendet um Anfragen und Angebote zu machen. Die am häufigsten verwendeten Hilfszeitwörter sind can, may und must. Diese modal verbs haben keine Mitvergangenheit (außer can) und kein past participle (3. Form des Verbs). Daher können wir sie nur in der Gegenwart verwenden. Um andere Zeiten auszudrücken, müssen wir Ersatzformen anwenden.

CAN - MAY - MUST (können - dürfen - müssen)

Kein -s nach he, she, it

Beispiele:
He can speak English. - She may go there. - It must sleep now. - My sister can juggle.

Kein do, does in Fragen und Verneinungen

Beispiele:
Can you come? Sorry, I cannot. - May he come to your party? No, he must not.
She cannot come at 10.

Ersatzformen:

can → to be able to

must → have to

may → to be allowed to

CAN – TO BE ABLE TO

I can drive. = I am able to drive.

Present tense Past tense
I am able to drive. was able to drive.
He, she, it is able to drive. was able to drive.
You, we, they are able to drive. were able to drive.
     
  Present perfect Will - future
I have been able to drive. will be able to drive.
He, she, it has been able to drive. will be able to drive.
You, we, they have been able to drive. will be able to drive.

 

MUST – HAVE TO

I must learn. = I have to learn.

Present tense Past tense
I, you, we, they have to learn. had to learn.
He, she, it has to learn. had to learn.
     
  Present perfect Will – future
I, you, we, they have had to learn. will have to learn.
He, she, it has had to learn. will have to learn.

 

MAY – BE ALLOWED TO

I may go out. = I am allowed to go out.

Present tense Past tense
I am allowed to go was allowed to go
he, she, it is allowed to go was allowed to go
you, we, they are allowed to go were allowed to go
     
  Present perfect Will – future
I have been allowed to go will be allowed to go
he, she, it has been allowed to go will be allowed to go
you, we, they have been allowed to go will be allowed to go

 

NOTE: Positive Negative
  I may I must not
  I must I need not

 


Übungen

Modalverben - Übung 1 - can, may, must
Modalverben - Übung 2 - can, may, must
Modalverben - Übung 3 - gemischte Verben
Modalverben - Übung 4 - gemischte Verben
Modalverben - Übung 5 - gemischte Verben
Modalverben - Übung 6 - can, need, must und should
Question Tags mit Modalverben - Übung