Adjective or Adverb

The difference between adjective and adverb

An adjective tells us more about a noun.

He bought an expensive car last week. - We describe a thing.
Her friend Zoe is a clever girl. - We describe a person.
They live in an old house. - How is the house? Asking for a thing.

An adverb tells us more about a verb, an adjective or an adverb.

He talked nervously. - We describe an action.
It was extremely cold. - We describe a situation.
They always walk quickly. - How do they walk? Asking for an action.

How to form the adverb

Adjective + ly

sad sadly quiet quietly
nervous nervously soft softly


Adjectives ending in -y »»» ily

happy happily angry angrily


Adjectives ending in -le »»» ly

terrible terribly capable capably


Adjectives ending in -ly

friendly in a friendly way / manner daily daily
lively in a lively way / manner early early
lonely in a lonely way / manner monthly monthly
lovely in a lovely way / manner weekly weekly
silly in a silly way / manner yearly yearly


Irregular forms

good well low low
fast fast straight straight
hard hard extra extra
long long doubtless doubtless


Double forms

hard hard hardly = kaum
near near nearly = beinahe
late late lately = in letzter Zeit


How to use the adverb

Verb + adverb

The adverb describes a verb.

Examples: He drove carefully.    
    verb adverb    
  She sold her house quickly
    verb     adverb


Adjective + adverb

The adverb describes an Adjective.

Examples: Her necklace was horribly expensive.
        adverb Adjective
    She was terribly sorry.
        adverb Adjective


Adverb + adverb

The adverb describes an adverb.

Examples: They played terribly badly.
      adverb adverb
  He did his homework absolutely correctly.
      adverb adverb


No adverb with the following verbs

Forms of to be: am, is, are, was, were, have been, had been, will be
seem, get, turn, grow, sound, feel, taste, become, smell, look (aussehen)



Adjective or Adverb - Exercises