ENGLISH 4U
English Language Learning

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Adjective or Adverb

The difference between adjective and adverb

An adjective tells us more about a noun.

Examples:
He bought an expensive car last week. - We describe a thing.
Her friend Zoe is a clever girl. - We describe a person.
They live in an old house. - How is the house? Asking for a thing.

An adverb tells us more about a verb, an adjective or an adverb.

Examples:
He talked nervously. - We describe an action.
It was extremely cold. - We describe a situation.
They always walk quickly. - How do they walk? Asking for an action.

How to form the adverb

Adjective + ly

They looked at their broken vase sadly.
He went quietly into the bedroom.
She opened the letter nervously.

Adjectives ending in y »»» ily

They shouted at the naughty kids angrily.
The children played in the garden happily.
We drank our glasses of orange juice thirstily.

Adjectives ending in -le »»» ly

The children did their maths homework terribly.
He was capably supported by his friends.
She stroke her dog's head gently.

Adjectives ending in -ly

friendly in a friendly way / manner daily daily
lively in a lively way / manner early early
lonely in a lonely way / manner monthly monthly
lovely in a lovely way / manner weekly weekly
silly in a silly way / manner yearly yearly

 

Irregular forms

good well low low
fast fast straight straight
hard hard extra extra
long long doubtless doubtless

 

Double forms

hard hard hardly = barely
near near nearly = almost
late late lately = recently

 

How to use the adverb

1. Verb + adverb - the adverb describes a verb.

He drove carefully on the highway.
They could sell her house quickly.
Our neighbours's dog always barks at us loudly.

2. Adjective + adverb - the adverb describes an adjective.

He bought her a necklace which was horribly expensive.
She was terribly sorry for being late again.

3. Adverb + adverb - the adverb describes an adverb.

They played terribly badly last weekend.
He usually does his homework absolutely correctly.

 

No adverb with the following verbs:

Forms of to be (am, is, are, was, were, will be,...), seem, get, turn, grow, sound, feel, taste, become, smell, remain, stay, look (in the meaning of look like)

Some of these verbs can be used with an adverb, but the meaning is different (e.g.: feel well, taste well).

 


EXERCISES

Adjective or Adverb Exercise 1 Adjective or Adverb Exercise 7
Adjective or Adverb Exercise 2 Adjective or Adverb Exercise 8
Adjective or Adverb Exercise 3 Adjective or Adverb Exercise 9
Adjective or Adverb Exercise 4 Adjective or Adverb Exercise 10
Adjective or Adverb Exercise 5 Adjective or Adverb Exercise 11
Adjective or Adverb Exercise 6  
Good or Well Exercise Late or Lately Exercise
Hard or Hardly Exercise Near or Nearly Exercise