ENGLISH 4U
English Language Learning

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Conjunctions

Use of Conjunctions

Conjunctions are words that join different kinds of grammatical structures. They connect words, phrases or sentences and are used to give more information about time, place, persons and things, but also give reasons, conditions and express contrast.

Conjunctions of Time

when, as, until, till, after, before, since, while, at first, but then

Janet was in her room when her mother called.
He waited until she came.
After Peter had had dinner, he read a book.

Conjunctions of Place

where

He didn't know where he had put his purse.

Conjunctions of Reason

because, therefore / that's why, why, in order (that)

He couldn't help them because he didn't have any time.
She was ill, and that's why she couldn't go to the party.

Conjunctions of Contrast

but

This city is nice to visit, but I wouldn't like to live there.

Conjunctions of Condition

if, unless, even if, in case (that)

Take your umbrella with you in case it starts raining.

Relative Clauses

who (persons), which (animals, things), that, whose

This is the man who / that won the race.
Is this the car which / that he bought last summer?

 


EXERCISES

Conjunctions - Exercise 1
Conjunctions - Exercise 2
Conjunctions - Exercise 3
Conjunctions - Exercise 4
Conjunctions - Exercise 5
Conjunctions - Exercise 6