The Passive Voice

Sentences can be active or passive. We usually use the active in written and spoken language. The difference is that in an active sentence the subject performs the action and in a passive sentence the subject receives the action. Study the following information to learn how to form a passive sentence, how to put an active into a passive sentence and how to form the tenses in the passive voice.

How to form the Passive

Form of to be + past participle (3rd form) of the verb

Tense Passive form
Present tense am / is / are invited
Past tense was / were invited
Future tense will be invited
Present perfect tense have / has been invited
Past perfect tense had been invited


How to form a passive sentence

The room is cleaned   every day.
They are sold   as pets.
A lot of guests are invited   to a party.


Put an active sentence into a passive one:
  Subject Verb Object  
Active: Bats eat insects.  
Passive: Insects are eaten by bats.
  Subject Verb by Agent
  Subject Verb Object  
Active: Tom saw the burglars  
Passive: The burglars were seen by Tom
  Subject Verb by Agent
Subject of the active sentence → Agent of the passive sentence
Object of the active sentence → Subject of the passive sentence



Passive Voice - Exercises