ENGLISH 4U
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Past Simple

Use of the Past Simple

The Past Simple is used to write and talk about completed actions that happened in a time before the present. It is the basic form of the past tense in English. Study the following information how to form the simple past and how to form the negation and questions.

Regular Verbs

How to form: Infinitive + ed = 2nd form

Examples: walk + ed   walked
  laugh + ed   laughed
  want + ed   wanted
Note: cry - cried   y » i
  carry - carried   y » i
  love - loved   no e
  hope - hoped   no e
  stop - stopped   if you speak a short vowel » doubling
  drop -dropped   if you speak a short vowel » doubling

Key words: yesterday, last week (month, Monday, October,...), in 1984, ago

Irregular Verbs

1st form 2nd form 1st form 2nd form
am, is was see saw
are were do did
get got take took
go went have had

 

Irregular verbs lists: FRENCH / GERMAN / ITALIAN / SPANISH

Negation of the Past Simple

How to form: didn't (= did not) + 1st form

He didn't go to her last party. They didn't like his story.
BUT: was not (wasn't), were not (weren't), could not (couldn't)

Questions in the Past Simple

How to form: did + 1st form

Did he go to her last party? Did they like his story?

Where did they live? How did she feel?
Question word - did - person - verb

BUT: Was he angry? Were they late? Could they swim?

 


EXERCISES

Past simple - Exercise 1 - regular, irregular, negative forms
Past simple - Exercise 2 - regular forms
Past simple - Exercise 3 - irregular forms
Past simple - Exercise 4 - regular and irregular forms, story
Past simple - Exercise 5 - regular and irregular forms
Past simple - Exercise 6 - regular and irregular forms

Past simple negation - Exercise 1 - complete with the negative form
Past simple negation - Exercise 2 - write the opposite of the positive sentence
Past simple negation - Exercise 3 - write the opposite of the positive sentence
Past simple negation - Exercise 4 - write the negation of the positive sentence
Past simple negative forms - Exercise - fill in the negative form of the verbs
Past simple negative forms - Exercise 2 - fill in the negative form of the verbs

Past simple questions - Exercise 1 - form questions with did
Past simple questions - Exercise 2 - write questions to the statements
Past simple questions - Exercise 3 - complete with did, person and verb
Past simple questions - Exercise 4 - form questions
Past simple questions - Exercise 5 - complete with did, person and verb
Past simple questions - Exercise 6 - complete with did, person and verb

Forms of to be in the past tense - Exercise 1 - was, were