ENGLISH 4U
English Language Learning

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The Plural of Nouns

Regular Plural Forms

We form the plural of a noun with the singular + s
parrot – parrots apple – apples girl – girls
     
Nouns ending with y if a consonant is written before. ----> ies
lolly – lollies story – stories strawberry – strawberries
but: boy – boys toy - toys bay - bays
     
Nouns ending with ch, x, s, sh, o ----> es
class – classes brush – brushes box – boxes
     
Some nouns ending with f, fe, lf ----> ves
knife – knives wolf – wolves life – lives
but: chiefs, safes, cliffs, handkerchiefs

 

Irregular Plural Forms

man - men woman - women tooth - teeth
goose - geese ox - oxen louse - lice
foot - feet mouse - mice child - children
person - people    
     
Some nouns are identical to the singular form
bison - bison deer - deer sheep - sheep
fish - fish moose - moose offspring - offspring
series – series species - species  

 

Special Plural Nouns

You can use singular or plural with nouns like family, class, police, team, army, band, choir, class, club, crew, company, firm, gang, government, orchestra, party, staff, etc.
In British English the plural is used more often than in American English.

   
If the group acts in unison (as a group), use a singular verb:
   
My family lives in Miami. All the members living under one roof.
The team was successful. You see the team as a group.
   
If the group acts individually, use a plural verb:
   
My family live in towns all over Florida. Each individual is living a separate life in a different town.
The team were successful. You see the single members of the team.

 


EXERCISES

Regular Plural Nouns Exercise 1
Regular Plural Nouns Exercise 2
Regular Plural Nouns Exercise 3
Irregular Plural Nouns Exercise 1
Irregular Plural Nouns Exercise 2
Regular and Irregular Plural Nouns Exercise 1
One or Ones Exercise