Present Perfect Simple
The Present Perfect Simple is used, if an action happened in the past and there is a connection to the present. This action has just stopped or is still going on. There's no exact time expressed when the action happened.
Key words: already, just, yet, ever, never, for, since, so far, up to now, not yet, lately, recently
How to form the Present Perfect Simple
I, you, we, they - have + 3rd form
he, she, it - has + 3rd form
They have visited her uncle recently. - She has just baked an apple pie.
I've never been there before. - We've studied a lot so far.
He's worked in this shop lately. - He's found his wallet.
I, you, we, they - have not (haven't) + 3rd form
he, she, it - has not (hasn't) + 3rd form
They haven't tidied up their room so far. - He hasn't finished his homework yet.
Have you already done your homework?
Have/Has - subject - verb
How long have you been there?
Question word - have/has - subject -verb
Use of the Present Perfect Simple
|Nick has gone on holiday.||result||He is not in the office.|
|He has already met Sue.||connection with the Present||He likes her.|
|He has just eaten something bad.||connection with the Present||He feels sick now.|
|He has lived in Spain for ten days.||connection with the Present||He is still there.|
|He has been in Spain since Friday.||connection with the Present||He is still there.|
|Have you ever been to Italy?||connection with the Present||Do you know Italy?
No, I've never been there.