ENGLISH 4U
English Language Learning

menue

 

 

Present Perfect Simple

The Present Perfect Simple is used, if an action happened in the past and there is a connection to the present. This action has just stopped or is still going on. There's no exact time expressed when the action happened.

Key words: already, just, yet, ever, never, for, since, so far, up to now, not yet, lately, recently

How to form the Present Perfect Simple

I, you, we, they - have + 3rd form
he, she, it - has + 3rd form

They have visited her uncle recently. - She has just baked an apple pie.

Short forms

I've never been there before. - We've studied a lot so far.
He's worked in this shop lately. - He's found his wallet.

Negation

I, you, we, they - have not (haven't) + 3rd form
he, she, it - has not (hasn't) + 3rd form

They haven't tidied up their room so far. - He hasn't finished his homework yet.

Questions

Have you already done your homework?
Have/Has - subject - verb

How long have you been there?
Question word - have/has - subject -verb

Use of the Present Perfect Simple

Examples:    
Past   Present
Nick has gone on holiday. result He is not in the office.
He has already met Sue. connection with the Present He likes her.
He has just eaten something bad. connection with the Present He feels sick now.
He has lived in Spain for ten days. connection with the Present He is still there.
He has been in Spain since Friday. connection with the Present He is still there.
Have you ever been to Italy? connection with the Present Do you know Italy?
No, I've never been there.

 


EXERCISES

Present perfect simple - Exercise 1
Present perfect simple - Exercise 2
Present perfect questions - Exercise 1
Present perfect questions - Exercise 2
Present perfect questions - Exercise 3
For or since - Exercise 1
For or since - Exercise 2
Past simple or present perfect - Exercise 1
Past simple or present perfect - Exercise 2
Past simple or present perfect - Exercise 3
Past simple or present perfect - Exercise 4
Past simple or present perfect - Exercise 5
Past simple or present perfect - Exercise 6