ENGLISH 4U
English Language Learning

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Present Perfect Simple

The Present Perfect Simple is used, if an action happened in the past and there is a connection to the present. This action has just stopped or is still going on. There's no exact time expressed when the action happened.

Key words: already, just, yet, ever, never, for, since, so far, up to now, not yet, lately, recently

 

How to form the Present Perfect Simple

I, you, we, they - have + 3rd form
he, she, it - has + 3rd form

They have visited her uncle recently. - She has just baked an apple pie.

 

Short forms

I've never been there before. - We've studied a lot so far.

He's worked in this shop lately. - He's found his wallet.

 

Negation

I, you, we, they - have not (haven't) + 3rd form

he, she, it - has not (hasn't) + 3rd form

They haven't tidied up their room so far. - He hasn't finished his homework yet.

 

Questions

Have you already done your homework?

Have/Has - subject - verb

How long have you been there?

Question word - have/has - subject -verb

 

Use of the Present Perfect Simple

Examples:

Nick has gone on holidays. - result - He is not in the office.

He has already met Sue. - connection to the present - He likes her.

He has just eaten something bad. - connection to the present - He feels sick now.

He has lived in Spain for ten days. - connection to the present - He is still there.

He has been in Spain since Friday. - connection to the present - He is still there.

Have you ever been to Italy? - connection to the present - Do you know Italy? No, I've never been there.

 

 


EXERCISES

Present perfect simple - Exercise 1

Present perfect simple - Exercise 2

Present perfect simple - Exercise 3

Present perfect simple - grammar test

Present perfect questions - Exercise 1

Present perfect questions - Exercise 2

Present perfect questions - Exercise 3

For or since - Exercise 1

For or since - Exercise 2

Past simple or present perfect - Exercise 1

Past simple or present perfect - Exercise 2

Past simple or present perfect - Exercise 3

Past simple or present perfect - Exercise 4

Past simple or present perfect - Exercise 5

Past simple or present perfect - Exercise 6